By Muhammad Farooq, Kadambot H. M. Siddique
Conservation agriculture—consisting of 4 parts together with everlasting soil conceal, minimal soil disturbance, diverse crop rotations and built-in weed management—is thought of the important pathway to sustainable agriculture and the conservation of traditional assets and the surroundings. top researchers within the box describe the elemental ideas of conservation agriculture, and synthesize contemporary advances and advancements in conservation agriculture study. This e-book is a prepared reference on conservation agriculture and reinforces the knowledge for its usage to strengthen environmentally sustainable and ecocnomic nutrition creation platforms. The booklet describes a variety of components of conservation agriculture; highlights the linked breeding and modeling efforts; analyses the stories and demanding situations in conservation agriculture in numerous areas of the area; and proposes a few pragmatic concepts and new components of study during this extremely important quarter of agriculture.
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2012). Retention of crop residues as a mulch in the field is not feasible for most farmers due to competition for livestock feed and the need for more fertiliser, making CA unattractive for most farmers. Retention of crop residues will lead to depressed yields in the short term due to immobilization of N which contrasts sharply with farmers’ needs. Therefore, the short-term needs of farmers may be a threat to CA uptake. While the short-term crop yield response to CA is highly variable, yields often improve in the long term when the continued accumulation of crop residue increases the availability of SOC and nutrients for crop growth.
Soil Till Res 104:150–155 Lal R (1976) No tillage effects on soil properties under different crops in western Nigeria. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 40:762–768 Lal R (2001) Managing world soils for food security and environmental quality. Adv Agron 74:155–192 Li H, Gao H, Wu H, Li W, Wang X, He J (2007) Effects of 15 years of conservation tillage on soil structure and productivity of wheat cultivation in northern China. Aust J Soil Res 45:344–350 Linden DR, Clapp CE, Dowdy RH (2000) Long term grain and stover yields as a function of tillage and residue removal in east central Minnesota.
Creating trade-offs for their use. The success of CA was considered directly related to the ability to provide enough soil cover, and little attention has been paid to adequate nutrient management, firstly to offset the N deficit caused by immobilization due to poor-quality residues and secondly to provide a balanced nutrient supply to the growing crop. Recently, Vanlauwe et al. (2014) suggested the need for a fourth principle to add to the principles of no till, mulch retention and crop rotation.