By Voula P. Mega
In the age of city geopolitics, in cooperation with the foremost urban networks and projects, interconnected coastal towns lead in the direction of a extra resilient sustainable destiny. This publication increases international expertise at the demanding situations and possibilities for coastal towns and the myriad of matters and stakeholders which impression them.
The booklet deals a wide ranging built-in view of the main serious city coastal sustainability concerns shaping the city horizon of the long run. Drawing at the so much authoritative reviews and asking additional questions, the publication embraces problems with clever, sustainable and inclusive blue eco-friendly development, lively social integration, environmental moral sense and resilience, nutrients, power and source safeguard, exploration and defense of the worldwide ocean, ecosystem-based city coastal making plans and coverage and development in schooling and technological know-how, tradition and the humanities, coastal city renaissance and in charge multi-layered governance.
From huge worldwide ports to small tourism and fishing hotels, sustainable improvement demands coastal towns to enhance their features. Coastal towns have to undertake ecosystem-based techniques to control the land-sea continuum, put money into blue eco-friendly strength and mobility, allure in charge company funding, and honour the ocean as a resource of countless innovation and culture.
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Additional info for Conscious Coastal Cities: Sustainability, Blue Green Growth, and The Politics of Imagination
Explosive 8 1 The Age of Cities: Urban Geopolitics and the Path Towards… urbanisation has led to the rise of mega-slums. Africa is home to nearly two-thirds of the global slum population. Over 70 % of the urban population suffers from inadequate housing, water supply or sanitation, and more than 60 % of sub-Saharan Africa’s urban population lacks adequate access to clean water, nutritious and affordable food, sanitation, and energy. Megacities need to become better places to live in and develop in more harmonious symbiosis with the natural systems that support them.
But to advance towards sustainability, waste can only be seen as a by-product, if not as a product, and environmental problems should never compromise the beneﬁts offered by the seas nor threaten the viability and even the survival of coastal cities (UNEP 2012a, b). The metamorphosis of many regions, countries and continents from rural lands into urban communities is stunning. China experienced a rapid transformation from a land of rural communities and regions into a gigantic urban country preparing for its ﬁrst billion citizens.
Humanity took more than a century to grow from one billion in 1804 to two billion in 1927 and more than 30 years to reach three billion in 1960. Fifteen years later, in 1975, the world population had reached four billion, and by 1987 and 1999 had gained one and two additional billion, respectively. In 2011, the world hit the watershed of seven billion people. Annual growth rate reached its peak in the 1960s, with more than 2 % annual increase. Average density in developing countries is double those of Europe and Japan, which are double those of the United States, Canada, and Australia (UN 2013).