Concentration camps : a short history by Dan Stone

By Dan Stone

Normal & international heritage. focus camps are a comparatively new invention, a routine characteristic of 20th century struggle, and one who is critical to the trendy worldwide recognition and identification. even if the main well-known focus camps are these lower than the Nazis, using focus camps originated numerous many years ahead of the 3rd Reich, within the Philippines and within the Boer struggle, and so they were used Read more...

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Dan Stone offers a world background of focus camps, and considers the significance of those associations to trendy awareness and id. Tracing camps from their origins in in Read more...

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In Transnistria, the area of western Ukraine between the Dniester and Bug rivers occupied by the Romanians, a combination of ramshackle camps and more or less open-air dumping grounds for local and deported Jews and Roma caused immense loss of life in the first two years of the war, including the massacre of almost , Jews at Bogdanovka in December . Yet the Third Reich was a world of camps in another respect too. Just as the regime’s de facto ‘enemies’ were eliminated through the use of concentration camps, so the Volksgemeinschaft, The Third Reich’s World of Camps  the ‘people’s community’, was to be brought into existence and trained in martial values through the use of a variety of labour camps (Reichsarbeitsdienstlager) for different constituencies: Hitler Youth, BDM (Bund Deutscher Mädel or League of German Girls), and teachers, for example.

Even more significant for later developments was the internment of civilians during the First World War, and not only in Origins  Europe. In , in a move that had enormous ramifications for the rest of the twentieth century and beyond, France revoked the status of naturalized citizens from people of ‘enemy origin’. Belgium, Italy, Austria, and Germany soon followed suit, with the result that the idea became widely accepted that one could be stripped of one’s nationality and reduced to statelessness and thus deprived of the benefit of law—this being long before the UN Refugee Convention, of course.

The atmosphere is filled with a deafening sound of cursing, crying, and sighing. Skeleton arms are stretched out everywhere, asking for a piece of bread . . There is a terrible stink that tears everyone’s nose. Everywhere is covered with unburned, rotten human waste, corpses Origins  etc. Besides that, ten thousand people have left their filth, and have contaminated the whole area, and it is not possible not to choke. Holding our nose and covering our eyes, we proceeded among these corpses and garbage, and after a while we stopped at a place at the end of the tent city, which was specially prepared for us.

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