By Eduardo Moncada
This article analyzes and explains the ways that significant constructing global towns reply to the problem of city violence. The research exhibits how the political initiatives that towns release to confront city violence are formed by way of the interplay among city political economies and styles of armed territorial keep an eye on. It introduces enterprise as a pivotal actor within the politics of city violence, and argues that how company is prepared inside towns and its linkages to neighborhood governments affects even if company helps or subverts kingdom efforts to stem and stop city violence. a spotlight on urban mayors unearths that the measure to which politicians depend on clientelism to safe and hold strength affects whether or not they favour responses to violence that perpetuate or weaken neighborhood political exclusion. Read more...
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Extra resources for Cities, business, and the politics of urban violence in Latin America
Increasingly close linkages between the private sector and the city’s mayor coupled with participation by grassroots civil society led to the deployment of a participatory project in response to violence. The atomized nature of armed territorial control in Bogota facilitated the project’s advancement over time. A decade later a political leftist with a coalition composed primarily of labor and grassroots organizations secured office and proposed deepening the participatory project through increased focus on reducing socioeconomic inequality and greater dialogue between local government and informal street vendors as part of the project’s focus on public space.
The subnational approach is particularly useful for analyzing the politics of urban violence in Colombia given that historically that no single city has emerged as the country’s dominant national economic and political center. 2, Medellin, Cali, and Bogota each make substantial contributions to the national economy. 36 This has led scholars to characterize Colombia as a “country of cities” (Blasier 1966; McGreevey 1974). I exTa bl e 1. 4 6,606 6,933 10,507 S o u r c e : Figures reflect author’s calculations based on 2010 data from the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística.
I exTa bl e 1. 4 6,606 6,933 10,507 S o u r c e : Figures reflect author’s calculations based on 2010 data from the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística. 26 Rethinking the Politics of Urban Violence Homicide Rate (per ,) 450 400 Bogota Colombia Medellin Cali 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 0 Fi g . 1 . 3 : Violence in Urban Colombia (1988–2008). Source: Author’s calculations based on data obtained from the Secretaría de Gobierno de Medellín, Instituto CISALVA, and the Policía Metropolitana de Bogotá.