China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a by Robert T. Livernash

By Robert T. Livernash

'China: Air, Land, and Water' is one other bankruptcy within the profitable and artistic discussion among the area financial institution and the People's Republic of China. It makes a speciality of easy methods to advertise either China's fiscal progress whereas holding its atmosphere. The targets of this file contain reassessing the environmental scenario in China and utilizing this research to plot a technique for making improvements to environmental caliber within the years forward. features a CD-ROM with complete textual content plus extra history learn and knowledge.

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Additional info for China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a New Millennium

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1999) 1 Economic Growth and the Environment 9 14733Chapter1 07/28/2001 11:14 AM Page 10 diversification out of grain crop production could reduce land development pressures; in many cases, conversion to cropland in the last 30 years has been a source of considerable land degradation, in part because much of this land is only marginally suitable for cultivation. It could also reduce irrigation demands, since much of the diversification is occurring in eastern China, where irrigation is most developed and water-use conflicts are most acute.

This is a direct reflection of the massive metropolitan area developing in the lower Yangtze Basin between Shanghai and Nanjing, and also from extension of the Beijing/Tianjin urban area. The land in the lower Yangtze is some of the most inherently productive agricultural land in China, is well served with water, and is located close to major urban markets. Its loss represents a real and substantive loss to agriculture. 8 million hectares of cultivated land were lost due to natural disasters, including floods, fires, erosion, and desertification.

The average contribution of these sub-sectors in the USA, Japan, and France/Germany is 30 percent, 26 percent, and 44 percent, respectively (CASS 2000). 5. For example, coal-based ammonia production technology, which accounts for over 75 percent of China’s ammonia production, uses 500-1,000 tons of water per ton of ammonia, compared with only 12 tons of water in natural gas-based processes. Chinese paper mills require 200 to 400 tons of water to produce 1 ton of paper product, while state-of-theart mills in industrialized countries use as little as 60 tons per ton.

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