By Christine McKinnon
This e-book argues that the query posed through advantage theories, specifically, "what type of individual may still I be?" offers a extra promising method of ethical questions than do both deontological or consequentialist ethical theories the place the worry is with what activities are morally required or permissible. It does so either by way of arguing that there are less assailable theoretical foundations for advantage theories, and via persuasively suggesting the prevalence of advantage theories over deontological and consquentialist theories at the query of explaining morally undesirable habit. advantage theories may give a richer account via attractive to the categories of tendencies that be certain undesirable offerings seem beautiful. This richer account additionally exposes a different good thing about advantage theories: they supply the simplest types of motivations for brokers to turn into greater individuals.
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Additional info for Character, Virtue Theories, and the Vices
It is one of the classics of liberal thought, a sustained argument for the importance of a large variety in types of individual character and for giving full freedom to human nature to expand itself in innumerable and conflicting directions. It contains one of the most eloquent and powerful arguments for freedom of opinion and freedom of expression in speech and press to be found anywhere. Mill was profoundly fearful that growing democracy in government and equality in society would suppress individuality and override minorities.
A human] ought to follow nature is unmeaning; since man has no power to do anything else than follow nature; all his actions are done through, and in obedience to, some one or many of nature’s physical or mental laws. “In the other sense of the term, the doctrine that man ought to follow nature, or in other words, ought to make the spontaneous course of things the model of his [or her] voluntary actions, is equally irrational and immoral. ”21 Mill gives very convincing examples to back up these assertions.
15). Mill, Principles of Political Economy, 367–8 (bk. 2, ch. 13, sec. 1). 40 P1: GnI CY255B-05 0 521 828325 September 18, 2003 13:49 Mill’s Criticism of Alternative Theories writes his biographer, Michael St. John Packe, “an uncontrolled birth-rate was all that stood between men and ultimate Utopia. 33 Here, then, in unrestricted birthrates, is an example where the practice of what is “natural” has consequences unacceptable to Mill, and, in his mind, to anyone who understands these scientific facts and is concerned for the general good.