By Ken Zontek
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The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, identified to U. S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," used to be in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged grants that proceed to today. On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.
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Extra resources for Buffalo Nation: American Indian Efforts to Restore the Bison
The captive breeding programs provided a major bulwark against extinction due to the protection they afforded the animals within their herds. Although such successful programs failed to materialize until the near complete demise of the bison, the history of attempted captive breeding of bison, particularly by Euro-Americans, extends back all the way to the 36 Saving the Buffalo Nation initial occupation of buffalo country by Europeans. In the late sixteenth century, the ﬁrst Spanish governor of New Mexico, Don Juan de Oñate, ordered a capture of bison for domestication.
He explained to his biographer, Henry Inman, that on his ﬁrst calf-catching expedition he protected his charges from wolves that closed in on the thrown and tied calves. Jones could not stop while he labored to catch as many calves as possible, so he left an article of clothing with each calf to deter the hungry wolves. Halfnaked and burdened by a calf under each arm, Jones rode back to aid his captives. 21 Correspondent Emerson Hough, accompanying Jones’s second expedition, provided a near magical description of one Jones capture: “Up came his hand, circling the wide coil of the rope.
The Indians did not make any appreciable dent in buffalo numbers in the Northern Plains. ” Fellow Lakota scholar Jim Garrett focuses on the obvious variable of the increased Euro-American human presence on the plains in the nineteenth century as the key to any study of bison destruction. He especially concentrates on the use of alcohol as an inducement in the robe and hide trades. The use of such a drug to extend hegemony by the Euro-Americans allocates responsibility to them regardless of whether the shooter of the bison was Euro-American or Native American.