Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, 3rd Edition (Jones and by Jan Riordan

By Jan Riordan

The textual content has been up to date to mirror new wisdom within the body structure breastfeeding, milk provide, positioning, the administration of breastfeeding and the function of the lactation advisor.

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Often infants were not seen by their parents from the time they were given to the nurse until they were returned home after weaning (providing they lived). However, by the latter part of the 1700s wet nursing was on the decline in North America and England (except in foundling hospitals), owing to increased public concern regarding the moral character of wet nurses and the quality of the care they provided. In France, government officials and physicians led a campaign against wet nursing. Some women recalling this period of history proudly reported that they nursed their babies themselves (Yalom, 1997).

Milk modifiers, such as Mellin’s Food, and milk foods, such as Horlick’s Malted Milk, were popular in the United States by the 1880s. Extravagant claims for these foods (Liebig’s Food was called “the most perfect substitute for mother’s milk”) were combined with artful advertising that played on fears for the health of the infant and faith in modern science (Apple, 1986). ) A hundred years later we see these advertising themes played again and again. In the 1890s, physician Thomas Rotch developed a complex system of modifying cow milk so that it more closely resembled human milk.

Despite several early studies that showed breastfed infants to be healthier than bottle-fed ones (Grulee, Sanford & Herron, 1934; Howarth, 1905; Woodbury, 1922), for years many physicians advised mothers that there was little advantage to breastfeeding. This persistent view was expressed up through the 1960s. ” The Prevalence of Breastfeeding United States, England, and Europe The Recent Past. The net result of these shifts in technology and attitudes has been a rapid decline in the prevalence of breastfeeding in Western nations since the 1940s.

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