Bones, Bodies, Behavior: Essays in Behavioral Anthropology by George W. Stocking Jr.

By George W. Stocking Jr.

Background of Anthropology is a sequence of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each one commonly unified round a topic of significant significance to either the background and the current perform of anthropological inquiry. Bones, our bodies, habit, the 5th within the sequence, treats a few concerns on the subject of the background of organic or actual anthropology: the appliance of the "race" thought to humankind, the comparability of animals minds to these of people, the evolution of people from primate varieties, and the relation of technological know-how to racial ideology. Following an introductory evaluation of organic anthropology in Western culture, the seven essays specialise in a chain of specific old episodes from 1830 to 1980: the emergence of the race proposal in recovery France, the comparative mental considered the yankee ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan, the archeological historical past of the forgery of the continues to be "discovered" at Piltdown in 1912, their impression on paleoanthropology within the interwar interval, the historical past and improvement of actual anthropology in Nazi Germany, and the makes an attempt of Franx Boas and others to prepare a consensus opposed to racialism between British and American scientists within the past due Nineteen Thirties. the quantity concludes with a provocative essay on actual anthropology and primate stories within the usa within the years due to the fact this sort of consensus used to be validated through the UNESCO "Statements on Race" of 1950 and 1951. Bringing jointly the contributions of a actual anthropologist (Frank Spencer), a historic sociologist (Michael Hammond), and a couple of historians of technology (Elazar Barkan, Claude Blanckaert, Donna Haraway, Robert Proctor, and Marc Swetlitz), this quantity will attract a variety of scholars, students, and basic readers drawn to where of organic assumptions within the glossy anthropological culture, within the organic bases of human habit, in racial ideologies, and within the improvement of the trendy human sciences.

Show description

Read Online or Download Bones, Bodies, Behavior: Essays in Behavioral Anthropology (History of Anthropology, Volume 5) PDF

Best anthropology books

Toward an Anthropology of the Will

Towards an Anthropology of the desire is the 1st booklet that systematically explores volition from an ethnographically educated anthropological standpoint. whereas philosophers have for hundreds of years wondered over the measure to which people are "free" to decide on the best way to act on this planet, anthropologists have both assumed that the need is a strong, consistent truth of the human or just missed it.

Eloquence in Trouble: The Poetics and Politics of Complaint in Rural Bangladesh (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics)

Eloquence in difficulty captures the articulation of numerous stricken lives in Bangladesh in addition to the threats to the very genres in their expression, lament specifically. the 1st ethnography of 1 of the main spoken mom tongues in the world, Bangla, this research represents a brand new method of issues speak, combining the rigor of discourse research with the interpretive intensity of mental anthropology.

Spirits without Borders: Vietnamese Spirit Mediums in a Transnational Age (Contemporary Anthropology of Religion)

An ethnographic research of the transnational and multicultural growth of Vietnam’s mom Goddess faith and its spirit ownership ritual, this booklet is the manufactured from collaborative study through an American anthropologist and a Vietnamese folklorist. Spirits borderless explores how and why the ritual unfold from Vietnam to the us and again back, the effect of formality transnationalism in either international locations, and the present unfold of the ritual to non-Vietnamese within the US.

Extra info for Bones, Bodies, Behavior: Essays in Behavioral Anthropology (History of Anthropology, Volume 5)

Example text

Thus European crossbreeds who are part Mongolian or Negro, perpetually retain the facial type, hair and eye color, henceforth inalterable in these species. , do not retain any fixed type or color. (1826:194-97) The central problem of all ethnology, the inalterability of races, was thus already posed before Edwards reconsidered it in terms of comparative historiography. One could clearly imagine that populations in situations of prolonged geographical isolation would remain pure. But this was not the case for the many European races, divided into three species, which were shuffled together at regular intervals by wars, colonization, and migrations {Desmoulins 1826: Bk.

At the time, however, Roulin's presentation to the Academie seemed to Edwards to provide decisive confirmation of the fixity of morphological types: "Animals taken to the New World had not, in general, experienced anything more than the slight changes which I have already mentioned as results of climatic influence" (1829:1176). Although Roulin in fact maintained that acclimatization, with the passing of generations, produced lasting modifications, he acknowledged in his conclusions that "marron" animals, once they had escaped domestication and returned to their wild state, might thereby "reascend" to the stable type of their original species (Roulin 1835).

Seizing upon these results in order to reformulate the anthropological problem, Edwards acknowledged that "the human races which differ the most in respect to each other invariably produce crossbreeds" (1829:1183). Implicitly he suggested that within the human genus, crosses between blacks and whites had the same biological status as the mule born of an ass and a horse or the offspring of a dog and a wolf. In contrast, when the genitors were of closely related races, as in Europe, the fundamental racial types persisted for a fraction of the descendants.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 19 votes