By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, The Mapping Science Committee, Committee on Beyond Mapping: The Challenges of New Technologies in the Geographic Information Sciences
Geographic details platforms (GIS), the worldwide Positioning approach (GPS), distant sensing, and different info applied sciences have all replaced the character of labor within the mapping sciences and within the professions, industries, and associations that rely on them for easy study and schooling. at the present time, geographic info structures became primary to the methods millions of presidency companies, inner most businesses, and not-for-profit firms do company. even though, the provision of GIS/GIScience pros has no longer stored speed with the call for generated by means of starting to be wishes for extra and more desirable geographic info structures and for extra strong geographic data.
Beyond Mapping assesses the nation of mapping sciences before everything of the twenty-first century and identifies the serious nationwide wishes for GIS/GIScience pros. It examines the forces that force and accompany the necessity for GIS/GIScience execs, together with technological swap, call for for geographic info, and alterations in corporations. It assesses schooling and examine wishes, together with crucial education and schooling, new curriculum demanding situations and responses, caliber coverage in schooling and coaching, and organizational demanding situations. the various report's options comprise extra collaboration between educational disciplines, deepest businesses, and executive organisations; the implementation of GIS/GIScience in any respect degrees of schooling; and the improvement of a coherent, accomplished examine schedule for the mapping sciences.
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Additional info for Beyond Mapping: Meeting National Needs Through Enhanced Geographic Information Science
1 In 2001, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) mobilized a team of workforce development specialists at the University of Southern Mississippi to investigate the needs of the geospatial industry. The Geospatial Workforce Development Center (GWDC) convened workshops involving representatives of 16 leading businesses, government agencies, and professional societies. Using focus group and group systems methodologies, researchers asked representatives to identify the key skills that successful employees master and the professional roles they are expected to play.
Because maps are such essential tools, students should learn about them as part of their preparation as scientists, and many do in response to the growing value of GIS skills in the job market. With widespread adoption of GIS as a tool for environmental management, planning, and spatial decision support, GIS courses are now routinely offered as service courses on many campuses, and are increasingly required in programs in Earth science disciplines. Looking toward the future, informed citizens will need to use and understand the outputs of geographic information systems and the rudiments of geographic information science.
They have also developed interactive tools that enable a researcher to visually develop process models that link data inputs to procedures and output. These tools enable a hydrologist to create a surface flow model that can run with standard GIS software and also be shared with other colleagues for further refinement and evaluation. Clearly, three-dimensional virtual globes such as Google Earth assist with the visualization of these model results. They also provide an excellent way to discover real-time data sources such as USGS stream gauges.