Basic Structures for Engineers and Architects by Philip Garrison

By Philip Garrison

This ebook presents scholars of civil engineering and structure with a grounding within the basics of buildings, and a 'feel' for how constructions behave structurally. The booklet goals to provide an explanation for structural options basically, utilizing analogies and examples to demonstrate the issues, and it expresses mathematical elements of the topic in an easy manner.

Fully labored strategies to examples on hand on-line for readers. Please see www.blackwellpublishing.com/garrison/

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The reader should understand and be able to visualise these patterns of structural behaviour, which are fundamental to structural design. indd 28 08/02/2005 22:02:50 4 Force, mass and weight Introduction In this chapter we look at force, mass and weight – their definitions, the relationships between them, their units of measurement and their practical application. Force We use the term force in everyday life. For example, somebody may force you to do something. This means that that person, through their words, actions or other behaviour, compels you to take a certain course of action.

Alternatively, as we see with this bridge, the road deck acts as a horizontal tension member which ties the two ends of the arch to each other, thus catering for the outward thrusting forces. indd 43 08/02/2005 22:31:25 44 Basic Structures for Engineers and Architects Fig. 1 Steel arch bridge. Vertical equilibrium Vertical equilibrium dictates that: Total force upwards = Total force downwards For example, if a man weighing about 16 stone stands on the floor of a room, the downward force into the floor due to the weight of his body is 1 kN.

For example, somebody may force you to do something. This means that that person, through their words, actions or other behaviour, compels you to take a certain course of action. The word force in a technical context is similar: a force is an influence, or action, on a body or object which causes – or attempts to cause – movement. For example: • • The man shown in Fig. 1 is pushing against a wall. In doing so, he is applying a horizontal force to that wall – in other words, he is attempting to push that wall away from him.

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