By Angus Morrison-Saunders, Jos Arts
Written and edited via an authoritative staff of the world over recognized specialists in environmental influence evaluate (EIA), this is often the 1st e-book to offer in a coherent demeanour the idea and perform of EIA and strategic environmental review (SEA) follow-up. with out a few type of follow-up, the implications of impression tests and the environmental results of improvement initiatives will stay unknown. Assessing impression examines either EIA follow-up and the rising perform of SEA follow-up, and showcases follow-up approaches in numerous nations all through Europe, North the United States and Australasia. Theoretical and legislative views are tested within the mild of designated case examine examples, and the authors current a micro-, macro- and meta scale research of EIA perform starting from person plan and undertaking point via to the jurisdictional point, in addition to an research of the concept that of EIA. complete assurance is given to the jobs of proponents, either deepest and governmental, EIA regulators and the affected public in designing and executing follow-up programmes. This publication is the must-have instrument for effect evaluate execs, teachers, regulators and proponents engaged on tasks of all scales in all jurisdictions.
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Extra resources for Assessing Impact: Handbook of EIA and SEA Follow-up
How, in short, to plan in the face of the unknown’. Consequently, Theoretical Perspectives on EIA and Follow-up 25 an adaptive, flexible approach is often recommended; one which allows for adequate reactions to unanticipated decision outcomes and for the adjustment of imperfect knowledge sets concerning society and environment. To provide for this ﬂexibility, feedback of information about the real effects is vital. This is an important reason for conducting follow-up. While it is impossible to know beforehand which unexpected intervening developments will take place, ‘we do know that we can expect the unexpected’ (Holling, 1978, p136).
Finally, in concluding the book, Chapter 12 summarizes best practices in EIA follow-up, identiﬁes international follow-up principles and considers some future directions and challenges for development of the ﬁeld. Overall, through assessing the impact of EIA and SEA at all levels, this book seeks the advancement of follow-up theory and practice. References Arts, J (1994) ‘Environmental Impact Assessment: From Ex Ante to Ex Post Evaluation’, in Voogd, H (ed) Issues in Environmental Planning, London, Pion Limited, pp145– 163 Arts, J (1998) EIA Follow-up – On the Role of Ex Post Evaluation in Environmental Impact Assessment, Groningen, Geo Press Arts, J and Nooteboom, S (1999) ‘Environmental Impact Assessment Monitoring and Auditing’, in Petts, J (ed) Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment Volume 1.
In this regard, inexact information may often be sufﬁcient for an adequate comparison of alternatives in order to make a consent decision. However, the lack of scientiﬁc rigour hampers comparison with post-decision monitoring data necessary to gauge the actual effects of a project or plan. Theoretical Perspectives on EIA and Follow-up 31 2 Less-developed techniques for follow-up Methods and techniques for followup are less developed than other components of EIA. Most methods can be considered only minor variations on the standard research design (see Arts, 1998 for more detailed discussion).