By Institution of Structural Engineers (Great Britain), Structural Engineers Trading Organisation
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Additional info for Aspects of cladding: of interest to structural engineers, architects, surveyors, contractors, building owners, clients, local authorities
3 Precast concrete or reconstructed stone faced panels Precast slabs may be used in the same way as stone or brickwork to face precast or in-situ concrete. This provides an opportunity to use a wide variety of concrete finishes. 4 GRC panels Two GRC skins enclosing a suitable core material, such as polystyrene, bead aggregate concrete or injected polyurethane foam can provide insulated units with adequate spanning capabilities. The important point is to prevent moisture penetration from causing differential stresses and deterioration of the panels (see BRE Digest 41 and BRE report 12).
Sheets will be either flat or profiled to provide inherent stifiess. In some cases, sheeting will be backed by insulation material. Guidance for the design of steel sheeting is given in BS 5950 Part 6 and for aluminium alloy in CP 1 18 and BS 81 18 Parts 1 & 2. 7. Metal sheeting can be provided with a variety of finishes which include: • plain - matt, bright, pearl or brushed • textured - leather, linen, embossed, mosaic. Engineers should take into account both finishes and colour in assessing possible effects ofenvironment on sheeting.
It is essential for a dimensional survey of the frame to be made before commencing brick cladding. This survey should be discussed with the responsible engineer so that adjustments to supports may be made if found to be outside agreed tolerances. In an extreme case, sections of frame may need to be re-built. Often decorative brickwork features or corbelled wall faces are not considered at an early stage and support can sometimes become a problem. It is also unfortunately very common for cast-in fixings to be out of position and for difficulties to arise in relocating the fixing points.