By Arthur H. Westing
Since the Sixties the surroundings has turn into a subject matter of accelerating public difficulty in North the United States and in other places. brought on via the second one Indochina conflict (Vietnam clash) of 1961-1975, and extra inspired via the overseas convention at the Human setting, held in Stockholm in 1972, the environmental effect of warfare emerged and grew as a subject matter of study within the traditional and the social sciences. And within the overdue Nineteen Eighties this led also to a spotlight and debate on environmental safety. Arthur Westing, a wooded area ecologist, used to be an important pioneer contributing and framing either one of these debates conceptually, theoretically, and empirically, beginning with Harvest of dying: Chemical battle in Vietnam and Cambodia (1972) (co-authored with flora and fauna biologist E.W. Pfeiffer and others). As a Senior Researcher on the Stockholm and Oslo foreign Peace learn Institutes (SIPRI and PRIO), and as a Professor of Ecology at Windham and Hampshire faculties, Westing authored and edited books on Ecological effects of the second one Indochina War (1976), Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Environment (1977), Warfare in a delicate global: army influence at the Human Environment (1980), Herbicides in battle: the long term Ecological and Human Consequences (1984), Environmental war: a Technical, felony and coverage Appraisal (1984), Explosive Remnants of battle: Mitigating the Environmental Effects (1985), Global assets and overseas clash: Environmental elements in Strategic coverage and Action (1986), Cultural Norms, battle and the Environment (1988), Comprehensive defense for the Baltic: an Environmental Approach (1989), and Environmental dangers of battle: liberating harmful Forces in an Industrialized World (1990) --- in addition to authoring a variety of UN reviews, publication chapters, and magazine articles. This quantity combines six of his pioneering contributions at the environmental results of war in Viet Nam and in Kuwait, at the environmental effect of nuclear conflict, and on felony constraints and armed forces guidance for safeguarding the surroundings in wartime
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Additional info for Arthur H. Westing: Pioneer on the Environmental Impact of War
Earlier version in: New Perspectives (Helsinki) 11(5):27–29. 1981. Earlier version in: Prchlík, V. ). Peace, Energy and the Environment. Prague: Czechoslovak Peace Committee, 148 pp: pp 55–65. 1981. War as a human endeavor: the high-fatality wars of the twentieth century. Journal of Peace Research (Oslo) 19(3):261–270. 1982. Environmental consequences of nuclear warfare. In: Gore Jr, A. ). Consequences of Nuclear War on the Global Environment. Washington: US House of Representatives Committee on Science & Technology, 260 pp: pp 141–146.
Dec 1989. Comprehensive human security and ecological realities. Environmental Conservation (Cambridge, UK) 16(4):295. Wntr 1989. Towards eliminating war as an instrument of foreign policy. Bulletin of Peace Proposals [now Security Dialogue] (Oslo) 21(1):29–35. Mar 1990. #203 Our place in nature: reflections on the global carrying-capacity for humans. H. (eds). Maintenance of the Biosphere. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 228 pp: pp 109–120 (Chap. 8). 1990. #204 Environmental hazards of war in an industrializing world.
14). 2001. Preliminary version in: Environmental Conservation (Cambridge, UK) 23(3):218–225. Sep 1996. , & Barrett, R. (eds). Ethics and Spiritual Values: Promoting Environmentally Sustainable Development. Washington: International Bank for Reconstruction & Development [World Bank], Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings Series No. 12, 54 pp: p. 53. 1996. 32 #389* #393 #408 3 The Author’s Relevant Papers Environmental dimension of the Gulf War of 1991. , (eds). Security and Environment in the Mediterranean: Conceptualizing Security and Environmental Conflicts.