Archaeological Landscape Evolution: The Mariana Islands in by Mike T. Carson

By Mike T. Carson

Landscapes were primary to the human adventure world-wide and all through time, but how did we as people evolve or co-evolve with our landscapes? by means of answering this question, we will be able to comprehend our position within the advanced, ever-changing global that we inhabit.

This e-book publications readers on a trip throughout the concurrent methods of switch in an built-in natural-cultural background of a panorama. whereas outlining the overall rules for worldwide program, a richly illustrated case is on the market in the course of the Mariana Islands within the northwest tropical Pacific and in addition located in a bigger Asia-Pacific context for an entire comprehension of panorama evolution at variable scales. the writer examines what occurred through the first time whilst people encountered the world’s distant Oceanic surroundings within the Mariana Islands approximately 3500 years in the past, by means of a continual series of fixing sea point, weather, water assets, wooded area composition, human inhabitants development, and social dynamics. This booklet presents a high-resolution and long term view of the complexities of panorama evolution that impact we all today.

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2008). Climate change and the origin and development of rice cultivation in the Yangtze River Basin, China. Ambio: A Journal of the Human Environment, 37, 502–506. , & Jiang, T. (2005). Environmental change and its impacts on human settlement in the Yangtze Delta, P. R. China. Catena, 60, 267–277. -C. (2008). The Neolithic of southern China: Origin, development, and dispersal. Asian Perspectives, 47, 299–329. -C. (2010). The emergence of agriculture in southern China. Antiquity, 84, 11–25. -C.

Chadwick, O. , Hartshorn, A. , & Hotchkiss, S. C. (2010). Intensive agriculture in Hawai‘i: The model system approach. In P. V. ), Roots of conflict: Soils, agriculture, and sociopolitical complexity in ancient Hawai‘i (pp. 31–44). Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press. , & Negendank, J. F. W. (2007). The early Holocene optimum inferred from a high-resolution pollen record of Huguangyan Maar Lake in southern China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52, 2829–2836. West, G. , Wanket, J. , & Scott Anderson, R.

Coastal settlements at this time mostly covered less than 10,000 m2, although a few exceeded 20,000 m2, in comparison to their contemporary rice-farming villages along the middle Yangtze River averaging 20,000–30,000 m2 (Zhang and Hung 2008). , the same warming conditions that encouraged rice-farming along the river valleys had resulted in global rise of sea level reaching approximately its modern level, directly affecting China’s coastal landscapes. The lifestyle of coastal people at that time evidently involved sea crossings to several small offshore islands (Fig.

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