Applied Environmental Biotechnology: Present Scenario and by Garima Kaushik

By Garima Kaushik

Applied Environmental Biotechnology: current situation and destiny traits is designed to function a reference ebook for college students and researchers operating within the region of utilized environmental technological know-how. It provides a variety of functions of environmental stories that contain using residing organisms, bioprocesses engineering expertise, and different fields in fixing environmental difficulties like waste and waste waters. It comprises not just the natural organic sciences reminiscent of genetics, microbiology, biochemistry and chemistry but additionally from outdoor the sector of biology akin to chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, info expertise, and biophysics.

Starting with the basics of bioremediation, the publication introduces quite a few environmental functions similar to bioremediation, phytoremediation, microbial variety in conservation and exploration, in-silico method of learn the regulatory mechanisms and pathways of industrially vital microorganisms organic phosphorous elimination, ameliorative techniques for administration of chromium phytotoxicity, sustainable creation of biofuels from microalgae utilizing a biorefinery technique, bioelectrochemical structures (BES) for microbial electroremediation and oil spill remediation.

The ebook has been designed to function entire environmental biotechnology textbooks in addition to wide-ranging reference books. Environmental remediation, pollutants keep watch over, detection and tracking are evaluated contemplating the success in addition to the views within the improvement of environmental biotechnology. quite a few correct articles are selected as much as illustrate the most parts of environmental biotechnology: business waste water remedy, soil remedy, oil remediation, phytoremediation, microbial electro remediation and improvement of biofuels facing microbial and technique engineering facets. The certain function of environmental biotechnology in destiny is emphasised contemplating the possibilities to give a contribution with new approached and instructions in remediation of infected surroundings, minimising waste releases and improvement toxins prevention choices at prior to and finish of pipe.

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Utilized Environmental Biotechnology: current situation and destiny traits is designed to function a reference publication for college students and researchers operating within the sector of utilized environmental technology. It offers numerous purposes of environmental stories that contain using residing organisms, bioprocesses engineering expertise, and different fields in fixing environmental difficulties like waste and waste waters.

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Several laccase isoenzymes have been detected in many fungal species. Several laccases, however, exhibit a homodimeric structure, the enzyme being composed of two identical subunits with a molecular weight typical for monomeric laccase. Application of Laccases The interest in laccases as potential industrial biocatalysts has particularly increased after the discovery of their ability to oxidize recalcitrant nonphenolic lignin compounds (Li et al. 1999). This capability has later been shown to be generally applicable to a number of biotechnological problems; all of them are related to the degradation or chemical modification of structurally diverse compounds, being either xenobiotic or naturally occurring aromatic compounds.

An efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly technique; biosorption is mainly a physicochemical process involving the use of biological material-live or nonviable, can be used to concentrate and recover or eliminate the pollutants from aqueous solutions. Various workers have investigated the biosorption of various organic pollutants and color from wastewaters (Tsezos and Bell 1989; Fu and Viraraghavan 2001). Biomass of some natural microbial species, including bacteria, fungi, and algae, is capable of removing the different textile dyes by biosorption, biodegradation, or mineralization (Carliell et al.

International, New Delhi Lovley DR (1995) Bioremediation of organic and metal contaminants with dissimilatory metal reduction. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 14:85–93 Lovley DR (2003) Cleaning up with genomics: applying molecular biology to bioremediation. Nat Rev Microbiol 1:35–44 18 Nevin KP, Lovley DR (2002) Mechanisms for accessing insoluble Fe(III) oxide during dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction by Geothrix fermentans. Appl Environ Microbiol 68:2294–2299 Nierman WC, Nelson KE (2002) Genomics for applied microbiology.

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