Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-set of by Alessandro Orsini

By Alessandro Orsini

Translated from the Italian by way of Sarah J. Nodes

The pink Brigades have been a far-left terrorist staff in Italy shaped in 1970 and energetic throughout the Nineteen Eighties. notorious all over the world for a crusade of assassinations, kidnappings, and financial institution robberies meant as a "concentrated strike opposed to the center of the State," the crimson Brigades' so much infamous crime was once the abduction and homicide of Italy's former best minister Aldo Moro in 1978. within the past due Nineteen Nineties, a brand new workforce of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the identify pink Brigades and killed a couple of professors and executive officers. Like their German opposite numbers within the Baader-Meinhof workforce and modern-day violent political and non secular extremists, the purple Brigades and their activities bring up a number of questions on the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people that dedicate terrible acts of violence within the identify of a utopia.

In the 1st English version of a publication that has received severe acclaim and significant prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant common sense of the crimson Brigades used to be primarily eschatological, fascinated with purifying a corrupt global via violence. purely via progressive terror, Brigadists believed, may humanity be stored from the putrefying results of capitalism and imperialism. via a cautious examine of all present documentation produced through the pink Brigades and of all present scholarship at the crimson Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that may be as seductive because it is frightening. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological concept that permits him to reconstruct the gang dynamics resulting in political murder in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist teams. This "subversive-revolutionary suggestions concept" states that the willingness to mete out and undergo dying relies, within the final research, on how a ways the terrorist has been included into the innovative sect.

Orsini makes transparent that this political-religious thought of historic improvement is crucial to knowing all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Müntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, the entire violent "purifiers" of the area have a transparent target: to construct an ideal society within which there'll not be any sin and sadness and during which no competition might be allowed to dissatisfied the common concord. Orsini’s e-book reconstructs the origins and evolution of a progressive culture introduced into our personal occasions by way of the crimson Brigades.

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He decides to stay. After finishing his training course, he finds employment in the Breda factory as a turner. He observes the other workers, their efforts, their sacrifices, and their alienating life. He’s certain he can aspire to a better future. He refuses to think that he’ll spend all his life in a factory. He starts to ask himself questions about politics and society, but he has little education (it’s not clear from his autobiography whether he even completed junior high school). He needs to meet someone who knows more than he does, who is able to answer his questions about the world.

From husbands who are exploited in the factory eight hours a day, who work in dangerous conditions, who are made to believe they have privileges by the boss system? Emancipation because women ‘can’ work? Emancipation because today women ‘can’ go to the pub or cinema alone, buy a few more clothes or necklaces, take the pill? In our society based on exploitation twenty-four hours a day. . In the name of their emancipation, the bosses offer women the right to be exploited in the factory, which they call the right to work.

10 The Red Brigades practice an authentic “secular alternative” to religion. ”13 Their enemies’ ideas were only an instrument to oppress the workers. ” Imposing them with force is nothing to be ashamed of, since violence is necessary when its aim is to purify the world of reprobates. ”14 “The claim that a fascist’s life is worthless,” clarifies the brigadist Alfredo Buonavita, “was a cultural legacy. . ”15 The Red Brigades documents show the perspicacity of the social psychologist Milton Rokeach, who had been suggesting the existence of “left-wing authoritarians” since 1956.

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