By James L. Arbuckle
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Extra info for Amos 16.0 user's guide.
It is all right that treatment is non-normally distributed, as long as the other exogenous variables are normally distributed for study and control cases alike, and with the same conditional variance-covariance matrix. Predictor variables in regression analysis (see Example 4) are often regarded as fixed variables. Many people are accustomed to the requirements for normality and independent observations, since these are the usual requirements for many conventional procedures. However, with Amos, you have to remember that meeting these requirements leads only to asymptotic conclusions (that is, conclusions that are approximately true for large samples).
Don’t worry about the curve of the arrow because you can adjust it later. 16 Chapter 3 Constraining a Parameter To identify the regression model, you must define the scale of the latent variable Other. You can do this by fixing either the variance of Other or the path coefficient from Other to SAT at some positive value. The following shows you how to fix the path coefficient at unity (1). E In the drawing area, right-click the arrow between Other and SAT and choose Object Properties from the pop-up menu.
E From the menus, click Analyze → Calculate Estimates. E Because you have not yet saved the file, the Save As dialog box appears. Type a name for the file and click Save. Amos calculates the model estimates. You can watch the progress of calculations in the panel to the left of the path diagram, but the calculations happen so quickly that you may see only the summary after calculations are complete. Viewing Output When Amos has completed the calculations, you have two options for viewing the output: text and graphics.