By Breena Holland
This e-book advances a brand new distributional framework to lead the evaluate and layout of environmental regulations. Drawing on functions conception, particularly as articulated in Martha Nussbaum's functions method of justice, the ebook proposes that environmental guidelines should still target to safe the elemental functions that be sure that humans to reside a flourishing and dignified human existence. Holland starts by means of constructing safety of the ordinary atmosphere as critical to securing those services after which considers the results for debates in environmental valuation, coverage justification, and administrative rulemaking. In each one of those parts, she demonstrates how a 'capabilities method of social and environmental justice' can reduce sizeable and procedural inequities that outcome from how we review and layout environmental guidelines in modern society.
Holland's proposals comprise valuing environmental items and companies as related - yet now not commensurable - around the comparable size of healthiness of alternative humans, justifying environmental rules with recognize to either the aptitude thresholds they safe and the potential ceilings they determine, and subjecting the results of participatory judgements within the administrative rulemaking procedure to better great criteria. In constructing and utilizing this new angle to justice, Holland basically makes a speciality of questions of household environmental coverage. within the ultimate bankruptcy she turns to theoretical debates approximately foreign weather coverage and sketches how her method of justice may perhaps tell either the philosophical grounding and sensible software of efforts to accomplish international weather justice. attractive present debates in environmental coverage and political concept, the e-book is a sustained workout of either utilized and environmental political conception.
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Additional resources for Allocating the Earth: A Distributional Framework for Protecting Capabilities in Environmental Law and Policy
In developing a normative framework for policy evaluation and design, the book will also show that assessing the impact of public policies on the environmental dimensions of people’s capabilities will involve going beyond current economic analysis to systematically assess a wider range of policy outcomes, and to account for those outcomes in ways that will often defy monetization. Furthermore, evaluating these impacts with respect to the goal of social justice rather than economic efficiency will require accounting for the fundamental advantages and disadvantages that get conferred from interactions among people, particular environmental resources, and large-scale ecological processes that connect people in vastly different geographical places.
Rawls (1971:3). â•‡ Rawls (1971:28). 50 â•‡ In this sense, the idea of justice has a great deal in common with individual rights, the protection of which also requires scrutiny at the individual level. However, in evaluating envirÂ� onmental policies, individual rights are less instructive than justice because individual rights cannot account for benefits that extend beyond the boundaries of what a person owns. Unlike privately owned goods, many environmental benefits are public goods, open to use (and depletion) by all members of society.
With respect to policy justification, this view of well-being can reveal the channels through which environmental policies have disproportionate impacts on different people. For this reason, a capabilities-based conception of well-being lends itself to assessing a policy’s distributional impact, and thus, a policy’s implications for social justice rather than for economic efficiency. Respectively, these advantages provide the reasons why we should value the environment in terms of its contribution to human capabilities, and why we should assess the distributional implications of environmental policies by assessing their impact on the various capabilities that make up different people’s overall capability to function and flourish as human beings.