By Ernst Lutz
Agriculture in constructing international locations has been remarkably effective over the past few many years; notwithstanding, the creation degrees have been completed on the rate of putting extra rigidity on average assets and the surroundings. This quantity brings jointly cutting-edge utilized, sensible study with regards to agriculture, improvement, and the surroundings within the constructing global. It makes an attempt to distill present wisdom and to summarize it in readable shape for improvement practitioners. the place attainable, authors use particular examples to point which ways have labored and that have now not, below which stipulations, and why.
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Additional info for Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainable Rural Development (World Bank Symposium)
C. STEIN T. HOLDEN Agricultural University of Norway Ås STEEN JOFFE Consultant Linton, Kent, United Kingdom DAVID KAIMOWITZ Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Bogor, Indonesia EDWIN B. C. C. C. C. C. PRABHU L. PINGALI International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Mexico City, Mexico JULES N. PRETTY University of Essex Colchester, United Kingdom AGNES R. C. C. TJAART W. C. C. C. Page xiv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to the Swiss Trust Fund for Studies for cofinancing the production of this compendium.
Government policies, institutional development, agricultural research, and projects at local, regional, and national levels need to be designed and implemented with these objectives in mind. What is Sustainable Agricultural Development? There are many alternative definitions of sustainability and of sustainable agricultural development (Pezzey 1992). Conceptually, those most relevant for our purposes are measures of agricultural income that are corrected for changes in the value of the capital stock, especially the stock of natural resources used in agricultural production.
Even when there may be little deforestation as such, degradation can imply major losses of forest products and ecological services, such as reductions in watershed and climate services, biodiversity, and carbon storage. Because private agents generally do not consider these costs in their decisions about logging and forest conversion, rates of depletion can be excessive from a societal view. Water Depletion, Water Degradation, and Waterlogging and Salinization Water is a vital economic asset that is already becoming scarce in many countries.